Geology[ edit ] The regular order of the occurrence of fossils in rock layers was discovered around by William Smith. While digging the Somerset Coal Canal in southwest England, he found that fossils were always in the same order in the rock layers. As he continued his job as a surveyor , he found the same patterns across England. He also found that certain animals were in only certain layers and that they were in the same layers all across England. Due to that discovery, Smith was able to recognize the order that the rocks were formed. Sixteen years after his discovery, he published a geological map of England showing the rocks of different geologic time eras. Principles of relative dating[ edit ] Methods for relative dating were developed when geology first emerged as a natural science in the 18th century. Geologists still use the following principles today as a means to provide information about geologic history and the timing of geologic events. Uniformitarianism[ edit ] The principle of Uniformitarianism states that the geologic processes observed in operation that modify the Earth’s crust at present have worked in much the same way over geologic time.
References Generic Radiometric Dating The simplest form of isotopic age computation involves substituting three measurements into an equation of four variables, and solving for the fourth. The equation is the one which describes radioactive decay: The variables in the equation are: Pnow – The quantity of the parent isotope that remains now. This is measured directly.
Nov 24, · Some cases over eight years old—Court registrar; At a time government is struggling to finance the /19 National Budget, over K50 billion is out of its reach in unresolved court cases involving business tycoons, some dating back to eight years ago.
In addition, XFDF does not allow the spawning, or addition, of new pages based on the given data; as can be done when using an FDF file. It can also be used to export form data to stand-alone files that can be imported back into the corresponding PDF interactive form. Logical structure and accessibility[ edit ] A “tagged” PDF see clause Technically speaking, tagged PDF is a stylized use of the format that builds on the logical structure framework introduced in PDF 1.
Tagged PDF defines a set of standard structure types and attributes that allow page content text, graphics, and images to be extracted and reused for other purposes. Layers, or as they are more formally known Optional Content Groups OCGs , refer to sections of content in a PDF document that can be selectively viewed or hidden by document authors or consumers. This capability is useful in CAD drawings, layered artwork, maps, multi-language documents etc.
Basically, it consists of an Optional Content Properties Dictionary added to the document root.
Handwriting Expert, Forensic Document Examiner, Forgery Exam
See Article History Dating, in geology , determining a chronology or calendar of events in the history of Earth , using to a large degree the evidence of organic evolution in the sedimentary rocks accumulated through geologic time in marine and continental environments. To date past events, processes, formations, and fossil organisms, geologists employ a variety of techniques. These include some that establish a relative chronology in which occurrences can be placed in the correct sequence relative to one another or to some known succession of events.
Radiometric dating and certain other approaches are used to provide absolute chronologies in terms of years before the present.
And then, both in the 5-document and document cases, their values of recognition accuracy increase a few percent comparably by combining profile documents. Figure 1 0 shows the comparison of the number of kinds of letters,, in Equations (2), (3) and (4) per one profile document corresponding to each in Figure 9.
Ascenders as in “h” and descenders as in “p” make the height of lower-case letters vary. There is more variation in the height of the minuscules, as some of them have parts higher ascenders or lower descenders than the typical size. In addition, with old-style numerals still used by some traditional or classical fonts, 6 and 8 make up the ascender set, and 3, 4, 5, 7 and 9 the descender set.
Bicameral script[ edit ] This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. April Handwritten Cyrillic script. Writing systems using two separate cases are bicameral scripts. Other bicameral scripts, which are not used for any modern languages, are Old Hungarian , Glagolitic , and Deseret. The Georgian alphabet has several variants, and there were attempts to use them as different cases, but the modern written Georgian language does not distinguish case.
Many other writing systems make no distinction between majuscules and minuscules — a system called unicameral script or unicase. This includes most syllabic and other non-alphabetic scripts. In scripts with a case distinction, lower case is generally used for the majority of text; capitals are used for capitalisation and emphasis. Acronyms and particularly initialisms are often written in all-caps , depending on various factors.
Top 10 Criminal Cases Solved By TV Appearances
Judges proceed from the High Court premises in Blantyre A sample of court documents we have seen show that about K30 billion in tax claims by the Malawi Revenue Authority MRA is under dispute in courts while over K20 billion is suspected to have been illegally transferred out of the country. In addition, about K1 billion that government confiscated from suspected money launderers lies idle at the Reserve Bank of Malawi RBM owing to the unsettled cases.
On the same day, government also seized 15 bullion weighing
Handwriting Expert. Farrell C. Shiver, Board-certified forensic document examiner (handwriting expert) located in metro Atlanta, Georgia. Handwriting and signature comparison, forgery detection, examination of questioned, forged and altered documents.
Introduction The mission of the Spatial Data on the Web Working Group , as described in its charter , is to clarify and to formalize standards on spatial data on the Web. This document describes the results of the first steps of working towards these goals. Members of the Working Group and other stakeholders have come up with a number of use cases that describe how spatial data on the Web could work.
From these use cases, a number of requirements for further work are derived. In this document, use cases, requirements and their relationships are described. Requirements and use cases are also related to the deliverables of the Working Group. The requirements described in this document will be the basis for development of the other four deliverables of the Working Group.
For convenience those deliverables are replicated in this chapter. The charter remains the authoritative source of the definition of deliverables. Further requirements already identified in the geospatial community will be taken into account. Existing standard and de facto ontologies will be examined for applicability; these will include the RDF Data Cube. The Recommendation will include provision for describing the subset of coverages that are simple timeseries datasets – where a time-varying property is measured at a fixed location.
Given that coverage data can often be extremely large in size, publication of the individual data points as Linked Data may not always be appropriate. The Recommendation will include provision for describing an entire coverage dataset and subsets thereof published in more compact formats using Linked Data.
Share Shares 99 For decades, television has intrigued, fascinated, and terrified us with its depictions of witty con men, daring heists, and heartless killers. Of course, reality is sometimes crazier than fiction. Many criminals, either extremely comfortable with their abilities to evade capture or extremely stupid, have boldly appeared on TV shows after seeming to get away with their crimes. An attractive, young, primary school teacher who specializes in information and communication technology, she was often praised as a favorite with her pupils.
However, her criminal activity may have been as unassuming as the way that her crime spree came to an end.
The problems. Determining the age of a document to find out whether it is authentic is a task influenced by the type of paper on which it has been written, the pressure of the stroke -the amount.
Figure 7 shows the recognition accuracy in both no-update and update cases explained in Subsection 4. Updating profile documents prevents the recognition accuracy from decreasing. In fact, Figure 8 shows the increment of the average number of input letters for subjects in each-week documents, and it indicates that their typing patterns changed as time passed.
Updating profile documents keeps the period after registration short and enables the system to adapt the changes of typing patterns in their test documents Figure 9 shows the recognition accuracy for combined profile documents constructed by the method in Subsection 4. This is owing to statistical precision enhancement by the rise in the number of documents. In addition, Figure 5 Generation of new combined profile documents from 5 original profile documents Figure 6 Generation of new combined profile documents from 10 original profile documents Figure 7 Recognition accuracy in no-update and update cases Figure 8 Increment of average number of input letters for subjects in each-week document Figure 9 Comparison of recognition accuracy between original profile documents and combined ones left: And then, both in the 5-document and document cases, their values of recognition accuracy increase a few percent comparably by combining profile documents.
Figure 1 0 shows the comparison of the number of kinds of letters, , in Equations 2 , 3 and 4 per one profile document corresponding to each in Figure 9. There is little difference in the number of kinds of single letters between the original and combined profile documents because it is rich even in the original profile documents, but the number of kinds of letter pairs increases by combining profile documents.
This means a dimensional extension in the contributing feature indices which leads to a better recognition accuracy. In the case in Figure 9 , two profile documents are used to generate one combined profile document, but it is possible to use more than two ones as constituent documents for that. Figure 1 1 shows the recognition accuracy obtained in each case using different number of constituent profile documents for a combined profile document in subjects with 5 original profile documents.
When the number of constituent profile documents is two, it provides the highest recognition accuracy. Figure 1 Change of the number of kinds of letters per one profile do- cument Figure 1 Dependence of recognition accuracy on the number of con- stituent profile documents for combining Figure 1 2 shows the change of the number of kinds of letters corresponding to each in Figure 1 1.
Spatial Data on the Web Use Cases & Requirements
For criminal, any paper document that is a judgment and sentence or required by statute or rule to be sworn to or notarized shall be filed and deposited with the clerk immediately thereafter. The clerk shall maintain deposited original paper documents in accordance with Florida Rule of Judicial Administration 2. Paying for Summons on the E-Filing Portal. Additionally, electronic issuance of clerk defaults and writs of garnishment are now available in all civil court divisions.
The following documents shall be manually submitted: Fees may be paid via the E-Filing portal.
TDV_Toolbox_doc. SALT LAKE AREA DOMESTIC VIOLENCE COALITION TEEN DATING VIOLENCE. • Of a child (usually a person under the age of 18, but a younger age may be specified in cases not involving sexual abuse) • By a parent or caretaker who is responsible for the child’s welfare. 9.
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State of Mississippi Judiciary
On several IEPs, the special education director at my school has included that weekly counseling be provided to students. This prevents me from fully implementing a comprehensive program. What do I do? It can be difficult to curtail the process of writing school counselors into IEPs.
In fact, the dating of documents is a key area in the field of forensic science. A new method that determines the age of a document in a less invasive way than other techniques and is also able to.
Dating Documents Documents are occasionally fraudulently backdated to make them appear as though they were issued or signed much earlier. In such cases, the backdating of documents can often be proved by closely inspecting the type of paper, ink, typewriting or printed information that is present on the questioned document. Figure 1 Figure 1 shows a watermark that appears in sheets of paper from a contested Will. The mill that produced the paper adopted the practice of placing a short vertical bar see arrow beneath a certain letter to denote the year the paper was manufactured.
In this instance, the bar beneath the “E” proves the sheet of paper was not available until three years after the date of the Will. Some documents contain miniscule defects that can be relied on to establish when they were printed. Figure 2 shows the bottom of a form taken from a patient’s medical file. The printer used a unique alphanumeric code see arrow in the bottom left corner to invoice companies who paid for advertising on forms sent to doctors’ offices.
In this case, the form was not available until 3 years after the patient was allegedly treated. Sequence of Handwritten Entries Information can be added or inserted to an entry make it appear as though it was written at an earlier time. If a questioned document is in contact with other papers, writing impressions are often transferred from one item to another. This frequently the case when entries are made to diaries, journals, calendars or multi-page documents.
Yes, forensic document examiners are handwriting experts, but forensic document examiners do not usually use the term handwriting expert to refer to themselves. The courts and attorneys commonly use the term handwriting expert; however, most forensic document examiners believe the term handwriting expert is too limiting. Forensic document examiners perform a much wider range examinations than handwriting examination, comparison, and identification.
It is true that handwriting examination is the bulk of the work performed by most forensic document examiners. Forensic document examiners examine handwriting and signatures to identify and eliminate potential writers and detect forgery. They also testify about handwriting examinations as an expert witness in court, but qualified forensic document examiners are also experts in the examination of typewritten and computer-generated documents, counterfeit documents, alterations and obliterations on documents, and to detect and decipher indented handwriting impressions.
ACTION IN CASES OF ALLEGED DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, DATING VIOLENCE, SEXUAL ASSAULT, OR STALKING If the assailant is a student, regardless of criminal or civil action, campus administrative action may be initiated through the Student Conduct system. Specific violations related to domestic violence, dating violence, sexual.
Outlook Perspective Perspective Interpretation of the news based on evidence, including data, as well as anticipating how events might unfold based on past events The case for cracking down on Tinder lies There should be a legal penalty for obtaining sex through fraud. Manta is a professor at the Maurice A. Deane School of Law at Hofstra University, its associate dean for research and faculty development, and the founding director of its Center for Intellectual Property Law.
One study found that 80 percent of people lie in their profiles. Many falsehoods are mild, easy to see through within seconds of meeting someone in person and do little harm. But other lies are more dangerous: They become instruments of sexual fraud. A year-old woman in Britain, for example, fell in love with a man who told her he was a single businessman who often traveled for work.
A year later, she learned that he was a married London lawyer using a fake name to sleep with several other women whom he had apparently tricked in the same way. For a woman in her late 30s or early 40s who wants to marry and have children, the opportunity cost of a fraudulent relationship can add another dimension to the pain in the form of diminished fertility. Legislators have been wary of wading into this terrain, for reasons both reasonable it can be difficult to document deception or measure the harm it causes and less so nonmarital sex is a risky business, and people who are duped supposedly deserve what they get.
In a forthcoming law review, I propose that state lawmakers confront this issue with statutes that would punish, with relatively modest sanctions, material lies that deceived someone into having sexual relations.
New Jersey Division of Criminal Justice
The process took some time but in that time I didn’t have to lift a finger, he went to bat for me each day to help me and in the end got win my case. If you have a labor problem and are in need of an amazing lawyer, call Richard. His help enabled me, one person, to take on a world famous, multi-billion dollar company and win. If you have good cause, he will get the job done.
Richard’s help had made a profound change in how I view my workplace. My case allowed me an opportunity to see the bad side of the company I was suing but ironically also the good.
Aug 28, · One bit Windows 7 Pro workstation, even with all current Windows updates, seems to be stuck in some strange Document / Compatibility View mode.
Share Shares For decades, television has intrigued, fascinated, and terrified us with its depictions of witty con men, daring heists, and heartless killers. Of course, reality is sometimes crazier than fiction. Many criminals, either extremely comfortable with their abilities to evade capture or extremely stupid, have boldly appeared on TV shows after seeming to get away with their crimes. An attractive, young, primary school teacher who specializes in information and communication technology, she was often praised as a favorite with her pupils.
However, her criminal activity may have been as unassuming as the way that her crime spree came to an end. She had been using the self-service tills to scan her shopping and then retracting her card before it could take payment. The police were called and later told that Hunter-Brown had been suffering from stress caused by financial difficulties.
However, at her Education Workforce Council hearing, she retracted her earlier admissions. After her crime spree was exposed, Hunter-Brown could have lost her teaching job but escaped with a reprimand. Disciplinary hearing chairman Steve Powell stated: Witnesses have said that she is a dedicated teacher.
Turf Wars Photo credit: The three were known to boast freely about their endeavors on social media, including a YouTube channel to which they uploaded clips of themselves brandishing guns and promoting a gang lifestyle.